REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 1991-


FIRST STAMPS



On August 20, 1991 the Estonian parliament declared Estonia independent (recognition by the Soviet Union on September 6). The first stamps -since 1940- were issued on October 1, 1991. This series of permanent franking stamps is a set of 9 stamps with the Estonian (coat of) arms: three lions.
The values 0,05 (Rubel) - 0, 10 - 0,15 - 0,30 - 0,50 - 0,70 - 0,90 (Mi. 165 - 171) and printed in the Wertpapierdruckerei Leipzig.
On the cover here is used 0,10 stamp as additional franking.



Together with the imprinted stamp, 7 kopecks, and additional soviet postage stamp, 3 kopecks, is the total 20 kopecks. The date in the machine stamp, an re-used old soviet, is December 15, 1991. The postal rate for an inland letter is 20 kopecks since July 1, 1991, the same rates as Lithuania and Latvia.


Mi. 172, resized 50 %


Printed Sweden: 1,00 Rubel and 2,00 Rubel, something greater, roll-stamps (so vertically unperforated).







NEW RATES INTERNATIONAL LETTERS AND CARDS ON DECEMBER 15, 1991 AND CHRISTMAS-CARDS

On December 16, 1991, the Estonian Post had new rates for international post:
International letters: 90 kopecks
International letters by airmail: 1,50 R. (1 rouble 50 kopecks)
Registering: 3,60 R., so registered international letter: 5,10 R.
International postcard: 60 kopecks
International airmail postcard: 1 rouble
Registered international postcard: 4, 20 R.










JANUARY 9, 1992

According the Michel Ganzsachen-Katalog Europa Ost 2004/05
Number with this date January 9, 1992:

    Octagonal hand-stamp:
  • U 20: for letters abroad with octagonal violet hand-stamp -26 mm high- 90 kopecks = the rate. On Soviet envelopes with imprinted stamp 'transport year 1991' (without illustration)



NEW RATES JANUARY 15, 1992

On January 15, 1992 the postal rate for inland letters is again increased: 60 kopecks. Also the Sovjet stamps and postal stioneries were declared not longer valid. So it was necessary to set new stamps on the Soviet postal stationeries: 60 kopecks. According the Michel Ganzsachen-Katalog Europa Ost 2004/05
Numbers with this date January 15, 1992:

    Octagonal hand-stamp:

    On Soviet postal stationeries (illustrated envelopes with imprinted stamp)
  • U 21: for inland letters with octagonal violet hand-stamp 60 kopecks = the rate.
  • U 22: for letters abroad with octagonal red hand-stamp -35 mm high- 90 kopecks = the rate. On Soviet postal stationeries - (with different imprinted stamp)


  • On Soviet envelopes (without imprinted stamp)
  • U 23: for letters abroad with octagonal red hand-stamp -30/34 mm high- 90 kopecks = the rate. On Soviet postal covers (without imprinted stamp
  • EU 23: for registered letters with octagonal violet hand-stamp -27 mm high- 4,20 R. = the rate. On Soviet postal covers (without imprinted stamp
  • EU 24: for registered letters abroad with octagonal red hand-stamp -30/34 mm high- 4,20 R. = the rate. On Soviet postal covers (without imprinted stamp

A red octogonal hand-stamp of 90 kopecks we find on U 22 and U 23: so the cover here is U 22 (hand-stamp on cover with imprinted stamp)

Original print size of this image: 16,315 x 11,489 cm (is something more as the postal item)




The postmark, resized 50 %.



All red hand-stamps, so also U 22 and U 23, are from Tartu.

The rate for letter abroad was risen to 90 kopecks on December 16, 1991, and on January 15, 1992, the Sovjet stamps and postal stationeries were declared not longer valid: so a new hand-stamps of 90 kopecks was necessary now.



NEW RATES MARCH 16, 1992

On March 16, 1992, new rates again in Estonia:


Original print size of this image: 16,188 x 11,642 cm (is something more as the postal item)

This picture and all pictures below on this page, if not mentioned otherwise: scanned about 300 dpi. Then set right and cut out - noted the actual print size-, resized 25 % of this image and saved as jpg.

This cover is an inland cover, sent from Tallinn to Kuressaar.
The postmark is clearly a adapted Soviet-postmark and the date is November 3, 1992.

The postmark, resized 50 %.



The arrival-postmark of Kuressaar is more clearly 051192-0, November 5, 1992. This postmark is also clearly an adapted Soviet-postmark.
On January 15, 1992 the postal rate for inland letters is again increased: 60 kopecks. Also the Sovjet stamps and postal stioneries were declared not longer valid. So it was necessary to set new stamps on the Soviet postal stationeries: 60 kopecks. This we see on this cover: the Soviet imprinted postmark is not valid: stamp of 60 kopecks.

But the inflation goes further: March 16, 1992 new rates. The rate for a normal inland letter became 1 Rubel. This we see on this cover: stamp of 60 kopecks and additional franking 0,40 Rubel. Together 1 Rubel.





With the new rates of March 16, 1992, also new postmarks on this date are issued with letter-code (michel 176-179):

  • Mi. 176, code P.P.E: for inland letters/postcards upto 20 gr (1 roublel)
  • Mi. 177, code P.P.R: for registering inland and abroad (10 roubles)
  • Mi. 178, code P.P.I: for letter/postcard Europe/GOS (20 roubles)
  • Mi. 179, code P.P.A.: for letter/postcard United States/World (40 roubles)

The postage stamp for registering (code P.P.R.): in the post office used on registered items.

Also the old postal stationeries were used again with rubber hand-stamps, now with the letter codes.

According the Michel Ganzsachen-Katalog Europa Ost 2004/05: covers with rubber - high rectangular- stamp and P.P.E.: issued April, 16, 1991 for inland letters The imprinted stamp here is -since January 15, 1992 - not longer valid.

Original print size of this image: 15,934 x 11,387 cm (is something more as the postal item)

The postmark, resized 50 %.





According the Michel Ganzsachen-Katalog Europa Ost 2004/05
Numbers with this date March 16, 1992:

    Rubber - high rectangular- stamp:
  • U 35: for inland letters with rubber violet stamp P.P.E. = the rate: 1 rouble.
  • U 36: for letters within Europe with rubber violet stamp P.P.I. = the rate: 20 rouble, on covers of Soviet Post without imprinted stamp
  • U 37: for letters within Europe with rubber violet stamp P.P.I. = the rate: 20 rouble, on covers of Soviet Post with imprinted stamp
  • U 38: free
  • U 39: for letters abroad -outside Europe- with rubber violet stamp P.P.A. = the rate: 40 rouble, on covers of Soviet Post with imprinted stamp
  • EU 30: for registered inland letters with rubber violet stamp P.P.R. = the rate: 10 rouble, on covers of Soviet Post with out imprinted stamp
  • EU 10: for registered inland letters with rubber violet stamp P.P.R. = the rate: 10 rouble, on covers of Soviet Post with imprinted stamp


The postmark on this cover is clearly an adapted Soviet-postmark.
According the Michel catalog: there are 25 different types - high rectangular - postmarks without value indication

From June 20, 1992: a 'new' currency.
1 Kr. (kroon) = 100 S. (senti) = 10 roubles.

Here an inland letter -from Tartu to Kuressaare - from this period. The rate for an inland letter was from 10-6-1992 to 15-11-1992: 10 senti, an inland registered letter 1 kroon.

Original print size of this image: 16,188 x 11,692 cm (is something more as the postal item)




The postmark, resized 50 %.

The date of the postmark is 4-11-1992, franked with P.P.E. = 1 rouble=10 senti. Further 9 new postmarks with indication X for inland letter = 10 senti. Together 1 kroon, that is the rate of an inland registered letter.
Postage stamps with value X (= 10senti): Mi. 186 (brown-black), Mi. 187 (dark-green-olive) and Mi. 192 (black).